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Doctor Prince Friedrich Christian Albert Leopold Anno Sylvester Macarius of Saxony Duke of Saxony
Margrave of Meissen

Margrave Friedrich Christian of Meissen was born on 31 December 1893 in Dresden. He was married to Princess Elisabeth Helene of Thurn and Taxis (* 15 December 1903 in Regensburg, † 22 October 1973 in Munich). Together they had five children:

Prince Maria Emanuel of Saxony Duke of Saxony
(* 31 January 1926 at Prüfening Castle (Bavaria), † 23 July 2012 in La Tour (Switzerland))

Princess Maria Josefa of Saxony Duchess of Saxony
(* 20 September 1928 in Bad Wörishofen)

Princess Maria Anna Josefa of Saxony Duchess of Saxony (* 13 December 1929 in Bad Wörishofen; † 13 March 2012 in Munich)

Prince Albert Joseph Maria Franz Xaver of Saxony Duke of Saxony (* 30 November 1934 in Bamberg), † 6 October 2012 in Munich)

Princess Mathilde Maria Josefa Anna Xaveria of Saxony Duchess of Saxony (* 17 January 1936 in Bamberg)

Margrave Friedrich Christian died on 9 August 1968 in Samedan (Switzerland). He was buried in the tomb next to the Royal Chapel in Brennbichl near Imst in Tyrol.


Head of the House
18 February 1935 – 9 August 1968

When his father, King Frederick Augustus III (Prince Frederick Augustus Johann Ludwig Karl Gustav Gregor Philipp of Saxony) died on 18 February 1932, Margrave Friedrich Christian became Head of the Royal House of Wettin. He held this position until his death in 1968.

At the University of Breslau, he received his doctorate with a thesis on Nicolaus Cusanus, who had been of enormous importance to the development of Canon Law in the late Middle Ages. During his time as Head of the House, he built “Wachwitz Castle“, the family’s new main residence, picturesquely situated in the Elbe valley. Margrave Friedrich Christian led the family through the difficult time of National Socialism. After the end of World War II, the Margrave set up a new start in Bavaria because a return to Dresden was not possible.


Decorations and memberships

He was Grand Master of the Order of the Rue Crown, Knight in the Order of the Black Eagle and Knight Grand Cross of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta. In the year 1959, he revived the Order of St. Henry as Grandmaster. This Order had been founded on 7 October 1736 at Hubertusburg Castle.



King Frederick Augustus III of Saxony (* 25 May 1865 in Dresden, † 18 February 1932 at Sibyllenort Palace)

He married on 21 November 1891 in Vienna

Crown Princess Luise, Archduchess of Austria Tuscany (* 2 September 1870 in Salzburg; † 23 March 1947 in Ixelles/Elsene near Brussels)


Brothers and sisters

Prince Friedrich August Georg of Saxony Duke of Saxony (* 15 January 1893; † 14 May 1943), Crown Prince and Jesuit

Prince Ernst Heinrich of Saxony Duke of Saxony
(* 9 December 1896; † 14 June 1971)

Princess Maria Alix Carola of Saxony Duchess of Saxony, stillborn (22 August 1898)

Princess Margarete Carola Wilhelmine of Saxony Duchess of Saxony (* 24 January 1900; † 16 October 1962)

Princess Maria Alix Luitpolda of Saxony Duchess of Saxony (* 27 September 1901; † 11 December 1990)

Princess Anna Monika Pia of Saxony Duchess of Saxony (* 4 May 1903; † 8 February 1976)



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E-Mail: info@markgraf-von-meissen.de